From the Blog

April 4, 2015

Visakha Bucha Day

In celebration of the birth, enlightenment and death of the Buddha


Vesakha Bucha 2015


First printed 2014. Revised Feb 2017

When:  Full moon of the month of Visākha. 10th May 2017

Where: Across Thailand


The Meaning of Visakha Bucha

Visakha Bucha (วันวิสาขบูชา), pronounced Wisakha Bucha in Thai, is the most important religious holiday in the Thai Buddhist calendar. Bucha means ‘Worship’. It is also known as Wesak or Vesak,  Buddha Purnima and Buddha Day.

The exact date of Visakha is based on the Asian lunisolar calendars and is primarily celebrated in Visakha month of the Buddhist calendar and the Hindu calendar, and hence the name Vesak


Vesakha Bucha 2015 1

The day is to celebrate the birth, enlightenment and passing of the Buddha. According to the Theravada Buddhist traditions observed in Thailand (95% of the population is recognised as Theravada Buddhist), these three events all took place on the same day of the year, on the full moon day of the Indian lunar month of  Vesakha.

The Buddha’s enlightenment took place on his thirty-fifth birthday and he passed away on his eightieth birthday. Wisaka, the sixth lunar month, usually falls in May.


In Thailand it is an official public holiday and is also designated as National Tree Day. Wisaka Bucha day is also recognised by UNESCO as a “World Heritage Day”.


The Celebrations – Visakha Bucha  2017


Vesakha Bucha Day 2016.Devout Buddhists consider Visakha as an important event and crowds of devotees will before dawn participate in ceremonies at temples across the Kingdom, the monks will start the ceremonies with the honorable, hoisting of the Buddhist flag and chanting in praise of the Buddha, the Dharma (his teachings), and The Sangha (his disciples).

Devotees may bring simple offerings of flowers, candles and joss-sticks to lay at the feet of their teacher. These symbolic offerings are to remind followers that just as the beautiful flowers would wither away after a short while and the candles and joss-sticks would soon burn out, so too is life subject to decay and destruction.

Lay people can then add to the making merit by bringing alms to monks and listening to sermons. Later in the evening devotees will continue assembling at temples to conduct the “Wien Tien” ceremony, by walking around the sacred temple grounds three times holding candles, joss sticks and flowers in doing so honouring the Buddha, the Dhamma (Buddha’s teachings) and the Sangha, the Buddhist Monastic Order.



“National Tree Day” came into being in 1985. During the day public organizations, educational institutions and local people plant trees across the country as part of the Kingdom’s program to restore the forests and increase public awareness of the importance of preserving the natural environment in conjunction with observing Wisakha Bucha Day.


Please Note: As with all temples of worship anywhere in the world we respectively ask that you:


  • Visakha Bucha Day.Bow your head and pay respect to the temple and the Buddha statues.
  • Do not point at Buddha statues, Monks, Nuns and/or elders especially with your feet
  • Cover yourself from the shoulders down to at least below your knees.
  • Keep your head below Buddha statues, images, honourable Monks and Nuns
  • Do not touch (especially on the head) Buddha statues, images, Monks, Nuns and elders.
  • Please refrain from public displays of affection
  • Keep Quiet. There are those meditating or praying somewhere even though you may not see them
  • It may be very fascinating to foreigners to see a reclining Buddha.  However, do not get too close to a Buddha statue when taking a picture.  Where possible kneel on the ground so that you head is below the statue.



Vesakha Bucha Day

Other things to note


Buddhist monks are forbidden to touch or to be touched by a woman or to accept anything from the hand of one. If a woman has to give anything to a monk or novice, she first hands it to a man, who then presents it.

Or in the case of a woman who wants to present it with her hand, the monk or novice will spread out a piece of saffron robe or handkerchief in front of him, and the woman will lay down the material on the robe which is being held at one end by the monk or novice.


All Buddha images, large or small, ruined or not, are regarded as sacred objects. Therefore, do not climb up on one to take a photograph, or generally speaking, do anything that might show a lack of respect.

Failure to adhere to these simple rules will be viewed as offensive.

Visakha Bucha Day 2016



For more on Festivals across Thailand for each month click on any of the Following:  JanuaryFebruaryMarchAprilMayJuneJulyAugustSeptemberOctoberNovember



Copy right

This site may contain copyrighted material, the use of which has not always been authorized by the copyright owner. Such material, is made available in an effort to advance understanding of Thailand, or topic discussed in the article. This constitutes ‘fair use’, of any such copyrighted material as provided for, in section 107 of the US Copyright Law.

In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit. If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site, for purposes of your own that go beyond ‘fair use,’ you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.

If you are the copyright owner and would like this content removed from, please contact us.







Have your say

Warning: fsockopen(): php_network_getaddresses: getaddrinfo failed: Name or service not known in /home/content/93/12087393/html/wp-content/plugins/sweetcaptcha-revolutionary-free-captcha-service/library/sweetcaptcha.php on line 71

Warning: fsockopen(): unable to connect to (php_network_getaddresses: getaddrinfo failed: Name or service not known) in /home/content/93/12087393/html/wp-content/plugins/sweetcaptcha-revolutionary-free-captcha-service/library/sweetcaptcha.php on line 71
Couldn't connect to server: php_network_getaddresses: getaddrinfo failed: Name or service not known (0)